Brilliant Brand Revival by Barbie

What a smart partnership by Mattel to engage Ashley Graham to revitalize the Barbie brand. Not only does Mattel's newest choice of Barbie model reflect the more realistic portrayal a woman's body as critics have been demanding for years, but they also showcase the perhaps previously unseen design and craftsmanship that goes into making each Barbie doll. Incredible brand story update by Mattel. I'm now as impressed by their design and manufacturing process as I am by their marketing prowess.

Clever Market Positioning by Buick

I recently saw a commercial for Buick's 2013 Encore.  I was struck by Buick's clever positioning of this luxury crossover SUV.  Rather than trying to defend the small size of the vehicle compared to its competition, Buick effectively transforms a potentially negative feature into a cozy, intimate, family-first selling point.  Watch the video and you'll see what I mean.

Three Simple Steps to Your First Sale

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One of the most intimidating tasks for many entrepreneurs is finding your first customer. When you are passionate about the business you are building it is easy to stay focused on creating the product or service you want to bring to market. But at some point you will put the finishing touches on your offering and it will be time to actually offer it to someone and close your first sale.  Here are three simple steps to move your company from concept to customer. 

Request Feedback

Savvy job seekers know that informational interviews are a fantastic way to start building a relationship with hiring managers they are interested in working for. You can use the same approach in the early stages of your business by interviewing people in your target market. By involving potential customers during the concept phase of your company, not only do you get invaluable data on what these customers really need, you create engaged advocates that want to see the results of their feedback. Now instead of having to hard sell new prospects on your solution you can simply circle back with your original interview candidates and ask if they’d like to be the first to use the products they helped to mold.

Be Yourself

Many innovators fear that in order to sell they need to transform their personality into that of the stereotypical salesperson. I’ve found that the most effective sales tool entrepreneurs have is passion for their business. Remind yourself that you set out to help people by creating a solution to their problem. Focus on why you decided to start your business and that authenticity will come across to your prospective customers. Demonstrate your understanding of their challenges and then explain how you created your product to change their experience. Simply be yourself and allow your dedication to shine through.

Just Ask

A wise woman once told me, “If you don’t ask the answer is always no”. It is hard to put yourself, your company, and your brand new product out there for the world to see. But in order to win customers you have to ask someone to use your solution. So what if someone tells you no? As I like to say, every ‘no’ leads to a ‘yes’. Each time a prospect tells you why they don’t want to use your offering you get information to help you improve your product and message. Rather than be afraid of hearing ‘no’ use each negative response as an opportunity to refine your approach and try again. You’ve heard that sales is a numbers game, so just keep on asking and sooner rather than later you will hear a resounding “YES!”.

So there you have it, three simple steps to your first sale. What is your best piece of advice for new business owners to win their first customer? I’d love to hear what has worked for you in the comments below.

When will Apple iTunes go Social?

I love music.  In addition to serving great coffee and showcasing fantastic local artists, my favorite café, Red Rock Coffee, is always spinning an amazing mix of music.  This morning's mix was so fantastic I finally asked one of the baristas where they find the music they play.  He told me each of the baristas create their own iTunes playlists and play them when they are on shift.  I mentioned that they should consider selling the CDs of the artists they play, or at least sharing their iTunes playlists with their patrons through their wifi network.  To my disappointment, he replied "Our IT guy is a nazi about security".  

This got me back to thinking about a topic I have frequently pondered.  When will Apple move out of the dark ages and create a community through iTunes?  To me, the best feature of the original Napster site was not the peer to peer free file "sharing" (although that was fun while it lasted).  It was the fact that I could search for any of my favorite songs, instantly see all of the kindred spirits who had my favorite songs in their music collection, and delightfully discover even more amazing music along the way.

Apple notoriously does not use social media.  No blog, no Twitter presence.  They finally created an iTunes Facebook page just one month ago.  It is not surprising they don't use social media for corporate communications given their hyper paranoia around product leaks.  But just because they don't want to use social media to communicate with the public doesn't mean they can't enable their customers to communicate with each other.

True, you can create and publish an iMix in the iTunes store.  After extensive digging through the iTunes Store, as far as I can tell these iMixes are featured in just two places:  


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1) As alleged "Top Rated Mixes" on some album pages, which seem to be automatically generated by simply displaying iMixes that contain a song from the featured album

2) Deep in the bowels of iTunes as a quagmire of anonymous iMix listings I could only find by searching for the term "iMix"

Essentially, Apple expects you to create an iMix and distribute it on your own while they reap the benefits. Your friends and family download the fabulous compilations you created and marketed on iTunes' behalf through your own blog or Facebook page, and they cash in on the song sales.  How Web 1.0 is that? 

Here is what the folks at iTunes need to do to blast into the new millennium and create a global iTunes sales force (aka community):

  • Enable users to tag iMixes so the iTunes community can browse iMixes by genre, mood, artists, etc.  
  • Enable users to extend their personal brand by displaying personalized usernames when they publish their iMixes, not just list iMixes by name
  • Enable users to display their most recent purchases as part of their profile, then 
  • Instead of displaying "recommendations based on the items in your cart", display other users who have purchased or created iMixes from the same songs or albums  
  • Create widgets or opt in to the Facebook Beacon program to allow users to publish their new iMixes to their blog, Twitter, Facebook, etc. automatically
  • Promote the people behind the top iMixes, not just the top iMixes. Highlight those users with the best mixing abilities.  Allow the community to learn more about their favorite iMix DJs
  • Apply the App Store model to iTunes and cut each iMix publisher in on a percentage of the revenue when members of the community purchase music from these playlists

The social media product feature list for a new iTunes community could go on and on, you get the idea. But imagine the new revenue stream Apple would recognize as iTunes users world wide harness their iTunes libraries and social networks to create and share iMixes.  Red Rock would have an incentive to create Red Rock iMixes to earn incremental music sales revenue, Apple would sell even more music, artists would develop new fans, and I would be able to add all of Red Rock's fabulous music mixes to my library.  And everyone is happy.

That's what Apple iTunes needs to do.  How will you create a global sales force (community!) to distribute your products using social media?


Does your sales pitch include a WIIFM?


One of the most powerful sales and marketing concepts I ever learned is the "WIIFM", or "What's IIFor Me?".  What does this mean exactly?  Whenever I am presenting, whether to a potential client, project stakeholder, or investor, the WIIFM concept reminds me to always be thinking about what I am trying to communicate from my audience's perspective.  Before I create a single slide, draft an introduction email to a decision maker, or create a product one-sheet for a trade show, I step back and take a minute to make sure I can answer the one question I know they will be asking in their head: "Why should I care about your product, what's in it for me?".  

It's not that people are inherently greedy or self-serving, they just need a way to be able to relate your product to what they do so they can quickly engage attention and understand what you have to offer.  So instead of starting your pitch with everything they need to know about your product and your company, try this approach:

1) Research your audience - What does your prospect's company do?  What do they offer the marketplace?  What is your decision maker's role at the company?  Can you find them on LinkedIn to understand their background and experience?

2) What problem do you solve? - Once you understand what your prospect does, what problem does your product help them solve?  Are you going to help them gain new customers?  Reduce costs?  Shorten time-to-market?

3) Talk about them first - As you begin your pitch, show them that you understand their business and the challenges they face based on the research you have done.  Explain why you are interested in working with them, what do they offer that you find intriguing?  

4) THE WIIFM - Once you've engaged them by demonstrating that you "get" what they do, let them know what's in it for them if they work with you.  Why are your companies a good match to work together?  What will your prospect gain from your proposed partnership?

While I've chosen to give mostly B2B examples here, this process works just as well for a consumer product or service in thinking about your customers and users.  And I guarantee at some point you will need to engage with other companies from a business development perspective to enhance and expand your own offering, so these tips will serve you well when you are ready to develop corporate partnerships.

In his book How to Win Friends and Influence PeopleDale Carnegie said, "Remember that a person's name is to that person the sweetest and most important sound in any language".  Incorporate that philosophy into your product pitch by talking about your prospect and their company first, then follow up with a well-researched WIIFM.


How to Generate Revenue from Customer Feedback

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It is really important to build a feedback mechanism into your product, especially during beta testing and early releases of your product.  Here are a few reasons why:

1) Build customer loyalty - Your customers really want you to succeed, and they really want to tell you how to be successful.  They have chosen to be your customer because they conceptually like what you have to offer and you are filling a need.  If they like your product they want to make sure you thrive because they rely on you.  If they don't like your product they want you to fix the things that make it painful to use.  As they say, everyone has an opinion, and everyone wants to be heard.  If you ask your customers for their opinion they will feel valued.  And if you actually listen and respond to them, they will become infinitely loyal advocates of your product.

2) Prioritize enhancements - It is really easy to take on too much too fast when developing a new product or service.  I have seen some scary examples of companies trying to conquer the world by building every feature imaginable into their product at once.  Unfortunately this typically means that none of the features are well thought out, and the entire user experience suffers.  Rather than developing all of the bells and whistles into your product up front, take some time to read through your users' feedback.  It doesn't take long to identify patterns as to the enhancements the majority of your customers would like to see.  Of course users don't always know exactly what they want, but they will give you some great insight into the problems they face.

3) Generate more revenue - By cultivating a loyal customer base and developing a high quality product that meets your customers' needs you will by default generate more revenue as your customers evangelize the product they helped you build.

So now that you're sold on why to ask your customers for their honest feedback, let me give you an example of a company that does an amazing job at facilitating this process.

I recently started using Action Method by Behance to manage my own daily tasks as they relate to both client projects and personal initiatives.  Sean actually got me hooked on their project management notebooks a few months ago after he came across them at a design conference.  While there are a number of amazing project management tools available online, what I love about Action Method is their unique methodology that helps transform creative brainstorming sessions into actionable next steps.  

While I first became a fan of their "offline" paper products, I soon craved more organizational excellence from Behance.  I ventured to their website and discovered that they had recently launched an online project management tool.  I immediately signed up and started playing with the web app.   Once I became addicted to their web application, I wanted a mobile app.  I noticed that they had cleverly placed a feedback button in the bottom right hand corner of the application:


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I clicked on it, and an easy-access feedback window appeared:

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I didn't even have to leave the screen I was on to tell them how much I liked their new product and that I would be overwhelmed with joy if I could access all of my projects and tasks from my iPhone.  To my astonishment I received a personal message from a Behance employee the very next day thanking me for my feedback, and letting me know that since a number of other users had also requested an iPhone app they were in the process of developing a mobile version of the Action Method for the iPhone.

As if this customer outreach from Behance wasn't enough to make me feel valued, a few weeks later I received another email pre-announcing the quiet release of their new iPhone application, proactively asking for my feedback as well as an early review of the app in the iTunes app store.  What brilliant marketing to request that their most passionate, vocal users download and rate their application first.  As a result, Behance gained a very loyal customer, obtained valuable user-suggested feature requests and functionality enhancements, and ultimately prompted me to promote their product through this blog post.  I can guarantee that they will ultimately generate more revenue from me not just because they gave me the opportunity to speak to them, but because they not only listened, they answered.  


Why CEOs, Marketing Managers, and Account Managers Should Care About Twitter

The other day I was reading an article on web applications that someone I follow on Twitter had posted.  I forwarded the article to a colleague of mine who manages a product line that the article discussed, and mentioned to her that she should get on Twitter and start monitoring her products' relevant keywords if she hasn't already.  She wrote me back and said, "I signed up for a Twitter account and I don't get it.  What am I missing?  What is it for?".  While a number of social media experts have already written highly detailed posts on how newbies can use Twitter and tools of the trade, I thought I should add my own thoughts on why those outside of the social media bubble, especially CEOs, marketing managers, and account managers, should care about Twitter. 

You can read the aforementioned posts or Twitter's own "how-to" section for a more formal description of Twitter, but I'll tell you how I think of Twitter because initially Twitter's value proposition for the business world was confusing to me too.  To give you a metaphor, Twitter is sort of like if you had the ability to read anyone's IM/LinkedIn/Facebook status updates all in one place.  Except, of course, that Twitter is its own web application, with its own users, updating their own Twitter statuses.  Why should you care about this?  Because unlike the other applications I mentioned, Twitter status updates are public.  This means that you can follow anyone's status updates that you opt-in to, and anyone can follow and learn from you.  Most significantly, Twitter has become popular in the technology community with reporters, PR professionals, entrepreneurs, and venture capitalists sharing their thoughts in 140 character status messages or "Tweets".  This means that by adding yourself and your company to the Twitter community, you can follow other companies and individuals that are related to your product to keep track of trends and conduct market research.

To give you some examples, here are a few ways that I use Twitter:

1) Share Similar Interests - When I come across bloggers, reporters, or companies that I find interesting, I follow them on Twitter for even more helpful snippets of information.  One of my favorite Twitterers to follow is @venturehacks, the Twitter profile for the Venture Hacks blog.  I love the quick advice and articles they share via Twitter for startups and entrepreneurs.  Thanks to those I follow on Twitter I find more fantastic articles on marketing, technology, product management, venture capital, etc., that I might not otherwise come across.

2) Market Research - All of these pundits, gurus, and real people sharing short updates on topics they are interested in create an amazing environment to take a peek at what is going on in the world in real time.  Beyond Google Alerts on specific topics, Twitter has a search capability that finds any Twitter update containing the keywords you define.  Not only does Twitter Search keep track of previous conversations regarding a specific keyword, you can watch these results in real time as new conversations are added, or subscribe to your search's RSS feed to monitor the results over time.  As you can imagine, this is extremely useful if you want to keep track of your company, product, clients, or competitors and monitor how they are being perceived.  As an example, take a look at the Twitter Search results for the keyword "iPhone".  I have used Twitter Search to do reconnaissance on potential employers, vendors, and service providers to see what others are saying about those I do business with.  Because it can take some time for the press to report on early stage startups, Twitter Search is a great resource for researching young companies.

3) Add Relevant Content - I integrated a Twitter widget on my Sparkt Marketing website so that I can quickly add new, relevant content to my site when I don't have the time to write a longer blog post.  When I find articles, events, or other pieces of advice that I think my clients might find useful, I simply post a short, 140 character tweet on the Twitter homepage and it shows up right on my website.   I try to make time to write a new blog post at least once a week, but Twitter makes it easy for me to micro-blog on a daily basis to keep my website current.

Here are a few ways that your company should start leveraging Twitter:

1) Identify Issues -  A few months ago Michael Arrington of TechCrunch wrote a post on how Comcast picked up on his customer service issue through Twitter.  Arrington instigated a series of negative discussions about Comcast on Twitter after he repeatedly tweeted about issues he was having with connectivity and his growing frustration with Comcast customer service.  Comcast now has a Twitter presence, @comcastcares, monitored by Comcast's Director of Digital Care.

2) Follow Trends - At a minimum you should start using Twitter Search to track conversations around your company and products.  Even better, follow your competitors and B2B clients on Twitter, as well as any reporters or bloggers that cover your space.  Think of keywords that relate to your product or market and set up RSS feeds for the relevant Twitter Search results.  For example, if I worked on the iPhone team at Apple, I would follow the public Twitter profiles for RIM, Palm, Android, and Windows Mobile.  I would also create Twitter Search results for the keywords "iPhone", "smartphone", "PDA", "App Store", etc.

3) Trade Shows - An interesting phenomenon that has grown in the Twitter community is the use of hashtags.  Hashtags are sometimes added to the end of a status message, and are used to categorize your status message so that others who are interested in that topic can find your update.  Hashtags are widely used by trade show organizers to create a community around trade show attendees.  As an example, attendees of Ad:Tech NY are currently using the hashtag #adtech when they Tweet about the conference.

4) Updates - While it is possible to develop a negative reputation on Twitter if you self-promote too often, your users and clients do want to keep track of what you are up to.  Consider creating a Twitter profile for your company, and using it to announce relevant information to your community.  Information on new products, versions, patches, and tips on new ways to use your service help to both build loyalty for your company and provide an immediate source of product and market feedback when your followers instantly reply to you about your updates.

So there you have it, a few reasons why we business folks should care about the social media website Twitter.  Feel free to follow me on Twitter here: @eileenzimmerman.


Keep Your Friends Close

"Keep your friends close and your enemies closer." - Sun Tzu

Robert Scoble just posted a great interview with Mark Shaw, CEO of Maverick Brands.  Maverick Brands, located in Palo Alto, CA, is a ten month old fruit juice startup that has managed to secure distribution for their Sunkist Naturals product line in over 5,000 grocery stores across the U.S.  Take a look at the video for more on how Maverick Brands has accomplished this. 

A few things I find intriguing about this story:

1) Competition - I love the row of competitor products Mark has lined up in his office window.  "Know your competitors as well as you know yourself" says Shaw.  I am not a fan of building features and functionality into your product simply because a competitor is doing so.  However, if you intimately know your competition and their offerings, this can often spark ideas which inspire even better enhancements into your own product.  Plus, you can quickly recognize when a client or prospect has been speaking with your competitors based on the questions they ask.  More on that in a later post.

2) Strategic Partnerships - Maverick Brands has partnered with Sunkist in launching Sunkist Naturals.  While some people tout the pitfalls of partnering with "The Big and Powerful", I have seen a number of win-win scenarios for both start-ups and large companies from strategic partnerships.  Sometimes this ends up working out even better for the start-up.  Anyone remember when Yahoo! Search used to say "Powered by Google"?  In this case, Sunkist has been able to successfully extend their product line into the premium smoothie and juice category, while Maverick Brands has acquired a fantastic product name and a distribution channel to achieve relatively large volume in an extraordinarily short time.  Which brings me to...

3) Brand - Maverick Brands has been bestowed the trusted Sunkist brand name.  I can see how Maverick juices may have been wildly successful here in the Bay Area bearing their own name, but somehow I have a feeling that the Sunkist association will pay dividends in most markets across the U.S.  Leave it to the CPG folks.  Co-marketing and brand licensing are excellent ways to accelerate market adoption.  While partnering on product development with a large brand is one way to achieve this, certainly there are a number of smart co-marketing agreements to be made on a smaller scale.  Think about how your startup can achieve this with complimentary, well-respected brands in your space.

Pandora and "Real" Market Research

Someone asked me the other day how their company should go about conducting market research before the next release for their social media website.  How did I feel about blanket surveys, they asked. 

It surprises me how many companies don't conduct any market research when they develop their products.  It almost seems as though the concept is too abstract and cliché for some companies to bother with.  So what is market research anyway, and why would you want to do it?

According to NetMBA, "In marketing, the term market refers to the group of consumers or organizations that is interested in [your] product, [and] has the resources to purchase [your] product...".  According to, a target market is "A specific group of consumers at which a company aims its products and services".  In other words, markets are groups of people.  In my opinion, this means that if you are planning on conducting market research, you should make every effort possible to actually talk to people.  Ideally, you must talk to the very people that you want, hope, and expect to buy your product before you get too far down the line developing hard to use, rarely used, or even irrelevant features into your product.

I have seen passionate founders and engineers rapidly build and release products and services that make them wild with delight.  Yes, the founders and engineers are elated at the features they included, but scratch their heads when users don't find the functionality nearly as delightful.  It is so easy to create your product in a silo, and get so deep into the development that you forget to perform a reality check with the outside world.  And let's face it, a start-up with resources already stretched to near breaking point usually has neither the time nor the money for fancy usability labs and focus groups.  That's ok.  Just start by identifying 3-5 unbiased, objective users to run your ideas by before you start to build. 

Really, that's it.  You would be amazed at how much information you can get by just talking to a handful of people about your plans for features, GUI design, or roadmap prioritization.  In my experience, you very quickly start to hear users repeating the same frustrations, concerns, requests, or enthusiasm about the product and features when you take the time to ask and listen.  Casual conversations with as few as three dedicated users can help you identify trouble spots or confirm that you are on the right path. 

For prioritization and potential new features, find out who your most active users are, and ask if they have a few minutes to meet with you or speak with you on the phone.  For usability testing, recruit some friends of friends that are far enough removed from the product that they can be true "new user" test subjects.  For product improvement and competitive research, reach out to a few users who have reduced their engagement and ask them why.  To get in the door with large corporate clients, tell them you would love their feedback on a new service you've designed to solve their critical business challenge.

The hardest part about talking to your users is being able to take the feedback.  Make sure you have someone who is capable of just listening and absorbing what your users have to say without feeling the need to explain or defend the product.  If you can, get permission to videotape the conversation and the user interacting with the product so you can show the gang back home.  People always "get it" and believe the feedback more when they see it with their own eyes.

If you want to build an extremely loyal following while gathering priceless user feedback, take a lesson from Tim Westergren, founder of Pandora.  For as long as I can remember, Tim has hit the road on a very regular basis to listen to Pandora users at his "town hall meet-ups" at universities and other cool locations throughout the U.S.  Check out the roadtrip archives on the Pandora blog to see evidence of how Tim conducts "real" market research.


The Social Web Perfected: Yelp

I was speaking to a client of mine the other day about Yelp.  She owns a restaurant in downtown Palo Alto, and has been in the hospitality industry for years.  We were talking about how much business Yelp has brought to her new restaurant, and she said to me, "You know, I don't know how they've done it, but somehow they have really managed to make this user review thing work".

I got to thinking about this over the past few weeks, and she is 100% correct.  Somehow Yelp has defied the traditional market research user review trap whereby only the extremely satisfied or dissatisfied bother to fill out a comment card or otherwise review a service.  Yelp has managed to take user reviews from the biased extremes to create well-balanced reviews of local restaurants, hotels and services for their users.  How did they do this?

Many web 1.0 sites - CitySearch, Yahoo! Local, and even Google - tried to create local review destinations without nearly the same success.  What Yelp figured out is that it is all about the reviewer, not necessarily just the service being reviewed.  By enabling social mavens to express themselves and be rewarded with popularity by readers who think they are “cool” or “funny”, Yelp takes online reviewing from reviews where only the extremely satisfied or unsatisfied participate to an interactive community where contributors become cool for their knowledge.  By requiring and enabling reviewers to create a profile, Yelpers reap rewards of popularity known as “elite” status on the site, readers consume well-balanced, useful reviews and can discover new local hangouts or “content topics” from their favorite Yelpers, and Yelp clearly benefits from highly monetize-able, targeted traffic.

Yelp has perfected the social web model.  No one wants to hear what website editors have to say.  We want to know what people just like us have to say and what they care about, and those mavens who actively contribute content to the social web want to be rewarded by their peers for doing so.